Why Additional Medication Is Used
A lot of efficient addiction treatment programs need the use of other drugs to help withdrawal side effects and decrease the chance of relapse. Staying sober can be much easier for a recovering addict with the help of medication. When the withdrawal side effects are too much then sometimes users surrender and stop taking medications and relapse. For inpatient and outpatient rehab plans they have included medicines in addiction treatment. For the best chance of becoming sober and staying sober the medication dose may be altered.
Relief of withdrawal can be found in other drugs that mimic the effects of the drug they are addicted to.
Detoxification And Withdrawal From Drugs
The body has to get rid of the last remnants of the drug in the first stage of recovery. This stage is known as the detox period. Depending on the drug the detox stage can last as long as several days to several weeks.
The most difficult stage of detox is dealing with withdrawal side effects. Depending on the usage and history of drug, the rigorousness of withdrawal signs may vary. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.
The Former addicts face some irritating side effects during detox. There symptoms include
- Feeling anxious
- Feeling depressed
- Pain in the muscles
Each type of a withdrawal symptom has a different treatment medicine. In detox, physicians may prescribe drugs such as
- For stress and irritability reduction.
- One of the common side effect of withdrawal from drugs is Anxiety.
- Benzodiazepines can help ease these side effects during withdrawal.
- Due to the addictive nature of Benzodiazepines, doctors tend to be cautious when prescribing them.
- These medicines help the user to feel good and create natural happiness in their brain.
- Since they have depended on drugs to keep them satisfied for a long-term, people in detoxification frequently pass through depression.
- Until the brain is capable to generate joy - inducing chemicals by itself again, antidepressants, such as Zoloft and Prozac, can assist when it comes to alleviating these sensations.
- Clonidine can reduce anxiousness, muscle aches, sweating and cramps and is used to treat withdrawal from opioids and alcohol.
- Clonidine save you from seizures and shivering.
People recovering from alcohol, Valium or Xanax addiction should never try to quit on their own since detoxing from alcohol or benzodiazepines can lead to death. Withdrawal from other Opiates aren't constantly deadly, however difficult situations can still appear. To ensure that detoxification is safe and successful, medical supervision is vital.
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Medications For Treating Alcohol Withdrawal
Regular abusers of alcohol can suffer prolonged withdrawal symptoms that can last for weeks or even months. This occurrence is known as prolong or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
Medications prescribed for PAWS are also active in stopping the urge to use and make the user unable to hold alcohol in their stomach. In most cases the patient has to take these drugs every day and they come in form of pills.
Such medications for treating alcohol dependency are
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol) stops the brain from producing pleasure chemicals in reaction to alcohol intake.
- It stops the urge to take alcohol.
- Nausea or headaches can be caused by Naltrexone.
- It is also available as a single dose given once a month in the form of an injection.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- The physical and emotional distress caused by alcohol dependency can be eased using this drug.
- Recovering alcoholics may begin taking Acamprosate once the detoxification is completed.
- Acamprosate decreases the craving to drink by avoiding negative sensations, such as nervousness and depression.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- Alcohol addicts were first given the medication of Disulfiram.
- It works by causing the person taking it to suffer nausea and vomiting if they consume alcohol.
- The intention is that the ones taking disulfiram will not drink alcohol as it will make them feel sick.
Find out more details about liquor addiction treatment.
Heroin And Drug Addiction Medicines
Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. The cravings and withdrawal symptoms of recovering from opiate addiction can be eased by some medications. Opiate and Heroin are available in tablet forms.
Some people may pass through Heroin and Opiate withdrawal for about a week. Some have long-term withdrawal side effects. In some circumstances, the withdrawal side effects may last for months or years. The urges to use drugs and PAWS can be treated using long-term replacement medications. Medications are usually prescribed to recovering addicts for as long as is necessary.
Opiate addiction is usually treated using medications such as
- Opiate addiction from moderate to severe can be prescribed Methadone.
- It works by fusing to the same receptors in the brain as Heroin and painkillers, however Methadone does not get the addict high.
- Methadone helps to suppress cravings and withdrawal symptoms.
- People become addict of Methadone in place of Heroin and painkillers if it is not use carefully.
- Treatment facilities offering Methadone give it to their patients daily so that they are not able to over indulge and become addicted.
- Find out more information about Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine works in the same way as Methadone but has a less potential to cause addiction and isn't regulated as much.
- For Buprenorphine it is not necessary to go clinic and get it regularly, the patient can also take it at home.
- Naltrexone works the same method for opiate addiction as it does for alcohol addiction.
- This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
- Since alcohol and opiates work on the same brain nerve endings, Naltrexone can stop both the same way.
Detoxing And Rehab
Some people pick detoxification on their own. Compared to medical detoxification, this has not only proven harder but also dangerous. Medical detoxification is the ideal method to accomplish sobriety in a secure and comfortable atmosphere. Some addictions such as alcohol or benzos are more suited to medical detox.
For addicts to gain the control they want, detox is needed.
Many health problems can be dealt with in a medically supervised detox. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. Doctors assist alleviate any pain the patient can be passing through. Depending on what the patient needs, the doses for their medication can be changed accordingly and plans can also be made for long term treatment.
Patients with other health complications would be well advised to go on a medical detox. Withdrawals can make situations difficult such as high blood pressure. Any type of issue is solved by the doctor.
Treatment centres offering inpatient treatment often include detox in the program. 30 to 90 days of rehab is the average time it takes. In treatment, the first week usually involves detoxification during which the patient must be closely monitored. Treatment in rehab centres also incorporates psychological counselling for an all round recovery.
Look for a rehab centre offering medically supervised detox for your friend, relative or yourself call 0800 246 1509.