The consumption of alcohol or drugs are placing an enormous burden on the UK society apart from negatively affecting every aspect of the individual's life, having an impact of their family, friends and the community at large.
The link between alcohol, drugs and crime is one of the most noteworthy parts of risks resulting from the consumption of alcohol and drugs.
In a country such as the UK, an overwhelming number of crimes that eventually lead to jail time such as DUIs, domestic violence and other such problems usually have something to do with alcohol and drugs.
Because of the part alcoholism and drug addiction has played, the country's number of inmates has skyrocketed way above normal capacity.
A large number of individuals who are behind bars have admitted to having been drunk at the time they were arrested and the problem can also be noted by the influence of alcohol in a large number of violent crimes that occur nowadays.
It was alcohol and not any other illegal drug, which was noticed to be closely associated with violent crimes, including murder, rape, assault, child and spousal abuse. Around 3 million violent crimes occur within the country every year, and most victims are left with the perception that the offender could have been consuming alcohol. The statistics related to alcohol abuse by violent offenders generally provide evidence that nearly 50% of all homicides and assaults are committed when both the offender, and the victim were indulging in the consumption of alcohol. Use of alcohol is much more prevalent where there are violent crimes as compared to the use of drugs.
Cases of aggressions where the aggressors and their victims are familiar with each other are mostly caused by alcohol. 31 percent of attacks by strangers involved alcohol, and two out of three victims who were assaulted by a fellow prisoners (including past and current lovers, whether married or not) said that it was alcohol-related. Offenders who have been drinking are involved in approximately 500,000 offences between intimates; also, alcohol is involved in 118,000 occurrences of family aggression (excluding spouses), and also the rate of alcohol involvement in incidents among acquaintances is at 744,000.
There are some complications when it comes to the connection between crime and drug use, with the poser being whether people that use drugs are already disposed towards crimes or whether it is drug consumption that makes them commit crimes.
Many people who don't use illegal drugs are involved in criminal activity and many people who use illegal drugs don't commit any other crimes. The previous criminal activities can be prolonged and increased due to the direct and high relationship between drugs and crime at the most extreme level of drug use.
Where drugs are concerned, the types of crimes in question are usually:
Law violations where there is material gain, such as shop lifting or housebreaking, or larceny and robbery, or other law violations meant to satisfy the habit, are the crimes that addicted individuals are mostly apprehended for. For instance, in 2004, 17% of detainees said they conferred the crime to acquire cash for medications. Medication abuse and ladies, men and youngsters are closely connected. These people are included in selling and buying of drugs, or abused by, the sex trafficking business. A significant number of these people are captured by the criminal justice framework. Because of the forced prostitution and the need to find ways of dealing with it, the evidence suggests that these individuals have turned to illicit substance abuse.
In the UK alone, over a million people are arrested for drunk driving which accounts for the third frequently reported crime committed offense. For young adults under age 21, almost 40% of all traffic deaths are due to alcohol intoxication while drinking or being under the effects of drugs while driving is the top cause of death, injury, and disability. Report indicates liquor influenced driving causes 36 fatal deaths and around 700 accidents due to vehicle crashes. 18% of deaths from car crashes involve the use of some other drug (such as cocaine or marijuana) usually used concurrently with alcohol.
It has been estimated that one-eighth of weekend and nigh time motorists gave positive results when screened for drugs in 2007, as reported by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. Also, roughly one in eight secondary school seniors reacting to a recent report, admitted that they were driving while smoking cannabis in the previous two weeks before the survey was conducted
A lot of prescribed medications like opioid pain relievers and benzodiazepines taken for anxiety of sleep disorders come with warnings that heavy machinery, which includes automobiles, shouldn't be used for a period of time after use. The driving capabilities of an individual and other negative consequences are highly probable when medical drugs are misused (taken against the doctor's instructions).
Four out of five young people arrested for petty offenses committed such crimes under the influence of alcohol or drugs, the positive drug test results indicated in addition to admission of the offender as having abused drug, drinking alcohol or a combination the two prior to committing the offense and subsequent arrest.
Substance abuse and alcohol addiction amounts to for 1.9 million of 2.4 million juveniles arrested, 68,600 youths treated for substance abuse.
Assailants had been consuming alcohol in three-fourths of the reported cases that involved spousal abuse.
1999 study on women attacked by partners showed huge increase of reported cases associated to substance abuse and health related issues to be the origin of the violence. 16% of the adult females did not experience any physical violence, but for those that did, 33% of them reported some form of substance abuse.
Domestic violence can also affect other members of the family. Pre-teens who saw their mother get abused had a 50% chance of misusing substances when compared to those who hadn't, according to a study conducted in the UK.
Overall percentage scale ranks 55% of domestic violence cases were allied to alcohol, 9% to drugs showing alcohol as a significant driving force to brutality at 65% compared to 5% drug related cases in marriage relationship violence against women victims.
There are several factors that add up and lead to child maltreatment, even though there are no particular profiles for abusive individuals and no "cause" associated with the maltreatment. Contemporary success image, alcohol and drug abuse, and society status quo put a great deal of pressure on the family which causes increased stressful negative impact on parents and children. Of child abusers, nearly four in ten report that they had been under the influence of alcohol at this time.
An estimated 50% of prisoners meet the criteria for drug addiction but less the 20% of those who need treatment actually get it.
Without getting medical care for their dependency, avoiding law violations and re-apprehension by the law in future is impossible for a lot of individuals in the system. Between 60 and 80 percent of substance abusers break the law again (usually a drug-related one) and 95 percent of prisoners go back to abusing substances when they are released from prison, according to approximations.
To break this cycle for those criminals with drug and alcohol problems, treatment is the best option. Research reveals that by ensuring proper treatment that individuals can recoup from an addiction and keep way from liquor and medications. Research has moreover, proven that the decline in substance abuse in addition leads to a decline in criminal behaviour. Correctional institutions serve to assist people struggling in life to get a grip on reality.
Treatment can also save money. One study showed that for every dollar spent on treatment for substance abuse, '5.60 is saved from fewer arrests, incarcerations, food stamp use, and child medical and welfare costs. Tax payers stand to gain enormous benefits from the decline of criminal behaviour originating from drug abuse through treatment and successful recovery programs.